# Chord Intervals Map

## Chord Symbols and Interval Notation Explained

When approaching for the first time harmony and chords, often guitar players are overwhelmed by the strange symbols they found in chord charts .

Chord symbols, and especially those used in Jazz, at first are not easy to digest.

Chords are basically a set of intervals stacked one on the top of another .

And what's an interval? An interval is the distance between two notes.

Depending on the qualities of those intervals, we can have different kinds of chords, and then different chords formulas.

Showing the intervals composing a chord in table form is a great aid for understanding chord formulas and structure , and build the foundation for more advanced topics, such as chords substitution .

On this page, you find a useful chord intervals map that will help you understand what's behind chord notation.

To learn how chords are constructed on the fretboard, check also our chords building tutorial.

Another tool that might be helpful is my interactive chord analyzer.

## Chord Symbols and Intervals

In the following charts, for each chord you find its symbol ( major, minor, 7, 9 etc ) and the intervals composing the chord ( 1,3,5,6, etc ).

The number between parenthesis are optional tones that you can use in the chord. Then you see a chart composed of colored boxes.

Each box corresponds to one of the semitones (half-steps) composing the octave, starting from the root. In case of extended chords (those with 9th, 11th or 13th) you'll find another box chart, that represents the upper octave.

## Major Chords

### How the Major chord is built:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7

The intervals composing the Cmaj chord are Root, Major Third, and Perfect Fifth

The C Major chord is spelled in the following ways:

The C Major chord is made up of the notes C, E, and G

#### Example: C maj

More chord diagrams

### Intervals In the Major Sixth chord:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7

The C6 sixth chord is made up of the Root, Major Third, Perfect Fifth, and Major Sixth

Some books show this chord as:

The notes of this chord are C, E, G, and A

#### Example: C 6

More chord diagrams

### Chord Intervals:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7
8
b9
9
#9
11
#11
13

This chord is made up of the Root, Major Third, Perfect Fifth, and Major Ninth

The Cadd9 chord is known as:

The notes of the Cadd9 chord are C, E, G, and D

#### Example: C add9

More chord diagrams

### Chord structure of the Major Seventh chord:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7

The intervals of this chord are Root, Major Third, Perfect Fifth, and Major Seventh

The C Major Seventh chord is spelled in the following ways:

The notes of the Cmaj7 chord are C, E, G, and B

#### Example: C maj7

More chord diagrams

### Tones of the Major Sixth Nine Added chord:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7
8
b9
9
#9
11
#11
13

This chord is composed of the Root, Major Third, Perfect Fifth, Major Sixth, and Major Ninth

Name variations for this chord:

The notes in this chord are C, E, G, A, and D

#### Example: C 6/9

More chord diagrams

### Chord Structure:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7
8
b9
9
#9
11
#11
13

The intervals of this chord are Root, Major Third, Perfect Fifth, Major Sixth, and Sharp Eleventh

Name variations for the C6(#11) chord:

The notes in this chord are C, E, G, A, and F#

### Intervals in the Major Ninth chord:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7
8
b9
9
#9
11
#11
13

The intervals that compose the C Major Ninth chord are Root, Major Third, Perfect Fifth, Major Seventh, and Major Ninth

Some books show this chord as:

This chord is made up of the notes C, E, G, B, and D

#### Example: C maj9

More chord diagrams

### Tones of the Major Thirteen chord:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7
8
b9
9
#9
11
#11
13

The intervals that compose the C Major Thirteen chord are Root, Major Third, Perfect Fifth, Major Seventh, Major Ninth, Major Eleventh, and Major Thirteen

The Cmaj13 chord is spelled in the following ways:

The notes in the Cmaj13 chord are C, E, G, B, D, F, and A

#### Example: C maj13

More chord diagrams

## Minor Chords

### How the Minor chord is built:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7

The Cm chord is made up of the Root, Minor Third, and Perfect Fifth

The Cm chord is known as:

The C Minor chord is made up of the notes C, Eb, and G

#### Example: C m

More chord diagrams

### Chord structure of the Minor Major Seventh chord:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7

The intervals in the C Minor Major Seventh chord are Root, Minor Third, Perfect Fifth, and Major Seventh

The Cm(maj7) chord is spelled in the following ways:

This chord is composed of the notes C, Eb, G, and B

#### Example: C m(maj7)

More chord diagrams

### Tones of the Minor Sixth chord:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7

This chord is composed of the Root, Minor Third, Perfect Fifth, and Major Sixth

This chord is also spelled in the following ways:

The Cm6 chord is composed of the notes C, Eb, G, and A

#### Example: C m6

More chord diagrams

### Intervals In the Minor Seventh chord:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7

The intervals of this chord are Root, Minor Third, Perfect Fifth, and Minor Seventh

Name variations for the C Minor Seventh chord:

The notes in the C Minor Seventh chord are C, Eb, G, and Bb

#### Example: C m7

More chord diagrams

### Chord Intervals:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7
8
b9
9
#9
11
#11
13

The Cm(maj9) chord is composed of the Root, Minor Third, Perfect Fifth, Major Seventh, and Major Ninth

Name variations for the C Minor Major Ninth chord:

The notes of the C Minor Major Ninth chord are C, Eb, G, B, and D

### How to create the Minor Sixth Ninth chord:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7
8
b9
9
#9
11
#11
13

The intervals of this chord are Root, Minor Third, Perfect Fifth, Major Sixth, and Major Ninth

The C Minor Sixth Ninth chord is spelled in the following ways:

This chord is made up of the notes C, Eb, G, A, and D

#### Example: C m6/9

More chord diagrams

### Intervals in the Minor Ninth chord:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7
8
b9
9
#9
11
#11
13

The Cm9 chord is made up of the Root, Minor Third, Perfect Fifth, Minor Seventh, and Major Ninth

Name variations for the Cm9 chord:

The Cm9 chord is composed of the notes C, Eb, G, Bb, and D

#### Example: C m9

More chord diagrams

### How the Minor Eleventh chord is built:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7
8
b9
9
#9
11
#11
13

The C Minor Eleventh chord is made up of the Root, Minor Third, Perfect Fifth, Minor Seventh, Major Ninth, and Major Eleventh

This chord is also spelled in the following ways:

The notes in the Cm11 chord are C, Eb, G, Bb, D, and F

#### Example: C m11

More chord diagrams

### Chord Structure:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7
8
b9
9
#9
11
#11
13

The Cm13 chord is composed of the Root, Minor Third, Perfect Fifth, Minor Seventh, Major Ninth, Major Eleventh, and Major Thirteen

Different notations for the Cm13 chord:

The notes of the C Minor Thirteen chord are C, Eb, G, Bb, D, F, and A

#### Example: C m13

More chord diagrams

## Suspended/Power Chords

### Intervals In the Powerchord chord:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7

The C5 chord is composed of the Root, and Perfect Fifth

The C Powerchord is known as:

The notes of the C Powerchord are C, and G

#### Example: C 5

More chord diagrams

### Tones of the Suspended Second chord:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7

The suspended 2 chord is made up of the Root, Major Second, and Perfect Fifth

The Csus2 chord is known as:

This chord is composed of the notes C, D, and G

#### Example: C sus2

More chord diagrams

### Intervals in the Suspended Fourth chord:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7

The intervals composing the Csus4 chord are Root, Perfect Fourth, and Perfect Fifth

Different notations for the C Suspended Fourth chord:

The notes of this chord are C, F, and G

#### Example: C sus4

More chord diagrams

### Tones of the Dominant Seventh Suspended Fourth chord:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7

The intervals of this chord are Root, Perfect Fourth, Perfect Fifth, and Minor Seventh

Different notations for the C7sus4 chord:

The notes in the C7sus4 chord are C, F, G, and Bb

#### Example: C 7sus4

More chord diagrams

## Augmented Chords

### Chord Structure:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7

This chord is composed of the Root, Major Third, and Augmented Fifth

The C Augmented Fifth chord is known as:

The notes in the C Augmented Fifth chord are C, E, and G#

#### Example: C aug

More chord diagrams

### Intervals In the Dominant Seventh Sharp Fifth chord:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7

The C Dominant Seventh Sharp Fifth chord is composed of the Root, Major Third, Augmented Fifth, and Minor Seventh

The C7(#5) chord is known as:

The C7(#5) chord is made up of the notes C, E, G#, and Bb

#### Example: C 7(#5)

More chord diagrams

### Intervals in the Augmented Fifth Sharp Eleventh added chord:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7
8
b9
9
#9
11
#11
13

The intervals of this chord are Root, Major Third, Augmented Fifth, and Sharp Eleventh

Different notations for the C Augmented Fifth Sharp Eleventh added chord:

The C Augmented Fifth Sharp Eleventh added chord is composed of the notes C, E, G#, and F#

### How to create the Major Seventh Sharp Fifth chord:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7

The intervals in the C Major Seventh Sharp Fifth chord are Root, Major Third, Augmented Fifth, and Major Seventh

You may find this chord denoted as:

The notes in this chord are C, E, G#, and B

### How the Dominant Ninth Sharp Fifth chord is built:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7
8
b9
9
#9
11
#11
13

The intervals composing the C9(#5) chord are Root, Major Third, Augmented Fifth, Minor Seventh, and Major Ninth

Different notations for the C9(#5) chord:

This chord is composed of the notes C, E, G#, Bb, and D

#### Example: C 9(#5)

More chord diagrams

### Tones in the Dominant Thirteen Sharp Fifth chord:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7
8
b9
9
#9
11
#11
13

The intervals of this chord are Root, Major Third, Augmented Fifth, Minor Seventh, Major Ninth, Major Eleventh, and Major Thirteen

Name variations for the C13(#5) chord:

The C Dominant Thirteen Sharp Fifth chord is composed of the notes C, E, G#, Bb, D, F, and A

## Diminished Chords

### Intervals In the Diminished chord:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7

The Cdim chord is made up of the Root, Minor Third, and diminished Fifth

Name variations for this chord:

The notes of the C Diminished chord are C, Eb, and Gb

#### Example: C dim

More chord diagrams

### Tones of the Diminished Seventh chord:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
bb7
b7
7

The intervals that compose the C Diminished Seventh chord are Root, Minor Third, diminished Fifth, and Diminished Seventh

The C Diminished Seventh chord is spelled in the following ways:

The notes of the C Diminished Seventh chord are C, Eb, Gb, and Bbb

#### Example: C dim7

More chord diagrams

### Chord structure of the Minor Seventh Flat five chord:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7

The intervals in the C Minor Seventh Flat five chord are Root, Minor Third, diminished Fifth, and Minor Seventh

Name variations for the C Minor Seventh Flat five chord:

The notes in this chord are C, Eb, Gb, and Bb

#### Example: C m7b5

More chord diagrams

## Dominant Chords

### Intervals In the Dominant Seventh chord:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7

The intervals that compose the C Dominant Seventh chord are Root, Major Third, Perfect Fifth, and Minor Seventh

The C Dominant Seventh chord is known as:

This chord is composed of the notes C, E, G, and Bb

#### Example: C 7

More chord diagrams

### Chord Structure:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7

The C7b5 chord is composed of the Root, Major Third, diminished Fifth, and Minor Seventh

Name variations for this chord:

The notes in this chord are C, E, Gb, and Bb

#### Example: C 7b5

More chord diagrams

### Chord structure of the Dominant Seventh Flat Thirteen Added chord:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7

This chord is made up of the Root, Major Third, Perfect Fifth, Minor Seventh, and Flat Thirteen

Different notations for the C Dominant Seventh Flat Thirteen Added chord:

The notes of the C7(b13) chord are C, E, G, Bb, and Ab

### Chord Structure:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7
8
b9
9
#9
11
#11
13

The C Dominant Seventh Flat Nine Added chord is composed of the Root, Major Third, Perfect Fifth, Minor Seventh, and Minor Ninth

The C Dominant Seventh Flat Nine Added chord is known as:

The C7(b9) chord is made up of the notes C, E, G, Bb, and Db

#### Example: C 7(b9)

More chord diagrams

### How to create the Dominant Seventh Sharp Eleventh Added chord:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7
8
b9
9
#9
11
#11
13

The intervals of this chord are Root, Major Third, Perfect Fifth, Minor Seventh, and Sharp Eleventh

The C7(#11) chord is spelled in the following ways:

The notes of the C7(#11) chord are C, E, G, Bb, and F#

#### Example: C 7(#11)

More chord diagrams

### Chord Structure:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7
8
b9
9
#9
11
#11
13

The intervals composing the C7(#9) chord are Root, Major Third, Perfect Fifth, Minor Seventh, and Sharp Ninth

This chord is also spelled in the following ways:

The C7(#9) chord is made up of the notes C, E, G, Bb, and D#

#### Example: C 7(#9)

More chord diagrams

### Tones in the Dominant Ninth chord:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7
8
b9
9
#9
11
#11
13

The C Dominant Ninth chord is made up of the Root, Major Third, Perfect Fifth, Minor Seventh, and Major Ninth

Some chord charts name this chord as:

The C9 chord is composed of the notes C, E, G, Bb, and D

#### Example: C 9

More chord diagrams

### Tones in the Dominant Ninth Flat five chord:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7
8
b9
9
#9
11
#11
13

The intervals in this chord are Root, Major Third, diminished Fifth, Minor Seventh, and Major Ninth

The C Dominant Ninth Flat five chord is known as:

The C9b5 chord is made up of the notes C, E, Gb, Bb, and D

#### Example: C 9b5

More chord diagrams

### Chord Intervals:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7
8
b9
9
#9
11
#11
13

The intervals of this chord are Root, Major Third, Perfect Fifth, Minor Seventh, Major Ninth, and Major Eleventh

You may find this chord denoted as:

The C11 chord is made up of the notes C, E, G, Bb, D, and F

#### Example: C 11

More chord diagrams

### Intervals in the Dominant Ninth Sharp Eleventh Added chord:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7
8
b9
9
#9
11
#11
13

The C9(#11) chord is composed of the Root, Major Third, Perfect Fifth, Minor Seventh, Major Ninth, and Sharp Eleventh

Some chord charts name this chord as:

The C Dominant Ninth Sharp Eleventh Added chord is composed of the notes C, E, G, Bb, D, and F#

### Intervals in the Dominant Thirteen chord:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7
8
b9
9
#9
11
#11
13

The C Dominant Thirteen chord is composed of the Root, Major Third, Perfect Fifth, Minor Seventh, Major Ninth, Major Eleventh, and Major Thirteen

Name variations for the C Dominant Thirteen chord:

The notes in the C Dominant Thirteen chord are C, E, G, Bb, D, F, and A

#### Example: C 13

More chord diagrams

### How the Dominant Thirteen Flat Nine chord is built:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7
8
b9
9
#9
11
#11
13

The intervals in this chord are Root, Major Third, Perfect Fifth, Minor Seventh, Minor Ninth, Major Eleventh, and Major Thirteen

The C Dominant Thirteen Flat Nine chord is spelled in the following ways:

The notes in this chord are C, E, G, Bb, Db, F, and A

#### Example: C 13(b9)

More chord diagrams

### Intervals In the Dominant Thirteen Sharp Eleventh chord:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7
8
b9
9
#9
11
#11
13

The C Dominant Thirteen Sharp Eleventh chord is composed of the Root, Major Third, Perfect Fifth, Minor Seventh, Major Ninth, Sharp Eleventh, and Major Thirteen

The C Dominant Thirteen Sharp Eleventh chord is known as:

The notes in the C13(#11) chord are C, E, G, Bb, D, F#, and A

### Tones of the Dominant Thirteen Sharp Ninth chord:

1
b2
2
b3
3
4
b5
5
#5
6
b7
7
8
b9
9
#9
11
#11
13

The intervals of this chord are Root, Major Third, Perfect Fifth, Minor Seventh, Sharp Ninth, Major Eleventh, and Major Thirteen

Some chord charts name this chord as:

This chord is composed of the notes C, E, G, Bb, D#, F, and A

## Guitar Formula Chart - Conclusions

This ends our big list of chord symbols and interval structures.

If you want to deepen your chords knowledge and apply chord building across the entire neck, be sure to check my complete ebook Chords Domination | Play Any Chord You Want Across All The Fretboard.

Happy chords creation!