# Chord Scales Harmonization

## How To Build Chords From Scales (Every Scale)

• C
•  |
• D
•  |
• E
•  |
• F
•  |
• G
•  |
• A
•  |
• B
•  |
• C#
•  |
• D#
•  |
• F#
•  |
• G#
•  |
• A#
•  |
• Db
•  |
• Eb
•  |
• Gb
•  |
• Ab
•  |
• Bb
•  |

Chord scales are chords built starting from a scale. The procedure for building chord scales is simple: we take a scale and on each degree of that scale we stack notes in 3rds.

In other words, from each degree, we stack the notes upwards while always skipping one (1-3-5, 2-4-6, 3-5-7, and so forth).

If we stack 3 notes, we build triads chords; if we stack 4 notes, we build quadriads or seventh chords.

This process is called scale harmonization; since we use only notes in the scales, the generated chords will belong to different kinds (depending on the distances among the stacked thirds).

We can get major, minor, augmented, diminished triads, and several kinds of seventh chords.

## Names of the Scale Degrees

In Western music theory, each scale degree in a diatonic scale has a specific name and a characteristic function in harmony and chord progressions.

Here's an explanation of each scale degree and their functions, using as anexample the notes of the C major scale:

#### 1) Tonic (C)

It is the tonal center of a scale, the note where music in that key feels most at rest.

It's often the starting and ending point in melodies and chord progressions, providing a sense of closure and resolution.

#### 2) Supertonic (D)

The second scale degree, located a whole step above the tonic.

It often serves a predominant function, meaning it typically leads to or prepares the listener for the dominant chord.

In chord progressions, it's frequently used in its minor form in major keys (ii chord) and major or diminished form in minor keys (II or ii° chord).

#### 3) Mediant (E)

The third scale degree, exactly midway between the tonic and dominant.

It shares some characteristics with the tonic, providing a sense of stability but with a more nuanced or emotional quality due to its position.

The mediant chord can add color and depth to progressions, especially when used as a pivot chord in modulation.

#### 4) Subdominant (F)

The fourth scale degree, lying just below the dominant.

It serves as another predominant function, often leading to the dominant.

The subdominant chord (IV or iv) adds variety and contrast to progressions and can create a sense of departure or distance from the tonic.

#### 5) Dominant (G)

The fifth scale degree, a perfect fifth above the tonic.

It is the second most stable and important degree after the tonic.

The dominant chord (V or v) has a strong tendency to resolve back to the tonic, creating a sense of tension and release, which is fundamental in Western music.

#### 6) Submediant (A)

The sixth scale degree, it is as far above the tonic as the mediant is below it.

This scale degree introduces a contrasting, often more melancholic or introspective quality. In major keys, the submediant chord is minor (vi), and in minor keys, it's major (VI), providing a wide range of expressive possibilities.

#### 7) Leading Tone (or Subtonic) (B)

The seventh scale degree. The leading tone is a half step below the tonic, creating a strong pull towards resolution to the tonic.

This creates a sense of anticipation.

In natural minor scales, the seventh degree is called the subtonic and is a whole step below the tonic, giving a less urgent sense of resolution compared to the leading tone in major scales.

## How To Construct Chords

The most common way to teach chord construction is to show how to harmonize the major scale, and then create chord progressions using the chords in the scale.

Let's stack the notes in the scales and see what happens:

### C Major scale Harmonization with Triads

C majD minE minF majG majA minB dim
G (5)
E (3)
C (1)
A (6)
F (4)
D (2)
B (7)
G (5)
E (3)
C (1)
A (6)
F (4)
D (2)
B (7)
G (5)
E (3)
C (1)
A (6)
F (4)
D (2)
B (7)

### C Major scale Harmonization with Quadriads

C maj7D m7E m7F maj7G 7A m7B m7/b5
B (7)
G (5)
E (3)
C (1)
C (1)
A (6)
F (4)
D (2)
D (2)
B (7)
G (5)
E (3)
E (3)
C (1)
A (6)
F (4)
F (4)
D (2)
B (7)
G (5)
G (5)
E (3)
C (1)
A (6)
A (6)
F (4)
D (2)
B (7)

Of course, we can try to harmonize other scale types, like the Harmonic minor scale, or the Dorian.

Some chord scales will sound good, others a bit odd, but it's a great way to experiment and to stimulate your musician's creativity.

### C Minor scale triad chords

C minD dimEb majF minG minAb majBb maj
G (5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
D (2)
Bb (b7)
G (5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
D (2)
Bb (b7)
G (5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
D (2)
Bb (b7)

### C Minor scale triad seventh chords

C m7D m7/b5Eb maj7F m7G m7Ab maj7Bb 7
Bb (b7)
G (5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
D (2)
D (2)
Bb (b7)
G (5)
Eb (b3)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
F (4)
D (2)
Bb (b7)
G (5)
G (5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
D (2)
Bb (b7)

On these pages, you find the chords generated from plenty of scale kinds in all the keys (just follow the links with root names at the top of the page).

Have fun with them!

## C Harmonic Minor scale

C minD dimEb augF minG majAb majB dim
G (5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
D (2)
B (7)
G (5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
D (2)
B (7)
G (5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
D (2)
B (7)

C m(maj7)D m7/b5Eb aug(maj7)F m7G 7Ab maj7B dim7
B (7)
G (5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
D (2)
D (2)
B (7)
G (5)
Eb (b3)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
F (4)
D (2)
B (7)
G (5)
G (5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
D (2)
B (7)

## C Melodic Minor scale

C minD minEb augF majG majA dimB dim
G (5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
A (6)
F (4)
D (2)
B (7)
G (5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
A (6)
F (4)
D (2)
B (7)
G (5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
A (6)
F (4)
D (2)
B (7)

C m(maj7)D m7Eb aug(maj7)F 7G 7A m7/b5B m7/b5
B (7)
G (5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
C (1)
A (6)
F (4)
D (2)
D (2)
B (7)
G (5)
Eb (b3)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
A (6)
F (4)
F (4)
D (2)
B (7)
G (5)
G (5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
A (6)
A (6)
F (4)
D (2)
B (7)

## C Mixolydian scale

C majD minE dimF majG minA minBb maj
G (5)
E (3)
C (1)
A (6)
F (4)
D (2)
Bb (b7)
G (5)
E (3)
C (1)
A (6)
F (4)
D (2)
Bb (b7)
G (5)
E (3)
C (1)
A (6)
F (4)
D (2)
Bb (b7)

C 7D m7E m7/b5F maj7G m7A m7Bb maj7
Bb (b7)
G (5)
E (3)
C (1)
C (1)
A (6)
F (4)
D (2)
D (2)
Bb (b7)
G (5)
E (3)
E (3)
C (1)
A (6)
F (4)
F (4)
D (2)
Bb (b7)
G (5)
G (5)
E (3)
C (1)
A (6)
A (6)
F (4)
D (2)
Bb (b7)

## C Lydian scale

C majD majE minF# dimG majA minB min
G (5)
E (3)
C (1)
A (6)
F# (#4)
D (2)
B (7)
G (5)
E (3)
C (1)
A (6)
F# (#4)
D (2)
B (7)
G (5)
E (3)
C (1)
A (6)
F# (#4)
D (2)
B (7)

C maj7D 7E m7F# m7/b5G maj7A m7B m7
B (7)
G (5)
E (3)
C (1)
C (1)
A (6)
F# (#4)
D (2)
D (2)
B (7)
G (5)
E (3)
E (3)
C (1)
A (6)
F# (#4)
F# (#4)
D (2)
B (7)
G (5)
G (5)
E (3)
C (1)
A (6)
A (6)
F# (#4)
D (2)
B (7)

## C Dorian scale

C minD minEb majF majG minA dimBb maj
G (5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
A (6)
F (4)
D (2)
Bb (b7)
G (5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
A (6)
F (4)
D (2)
Bb (b7)
G (5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
A (6)
F (4)
D (2)
Bb (b7)

C m7D m7Eb maj7F 7G m7A m7/b5Bb maj7
Bb (b7)
G (5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
C (1)
A (6)
F (4)
D (2)
D (2)
Bb (b7)
G (5)
Eb (b3)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
A (6)
F (4)
F (4)
D (2)
Bb (b7)
G (5)
G (5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
A (6)
A (6)
F (4)
D (2)
Bb (b7)

## C Phrygian scale

C minDb majEb majF minG dimAb majBb min
G (5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
Db (b2)
Bb (b7)
G (5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
Db (b2)
Bb (b7)
G (5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
Db (b2)
Bb (b7)

C m7Db maj7Eb 7F m7G m7/b5Ab maj7Bb m7
Bb (b7)
G (5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
Db (b2)
Db (b2)
Bb (b7)
G (5)
Eb (b3)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
F (4)
Db (b2)
Bb (b7)
G (5)
G (5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
Db (b2)
Bb (b7)

## C Locrian scale

C dimDb majEb minF minGb majAb majBb min
Gb (b5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
Db (b2)
Bb (b7)
Gb (b5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
Db (b2)
Bb (b7)
Gb (b5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
Db (b2)
Bb (b7)

C m7/b5Db maj7Eb m7F m7Gb maj7Ab 7Bb m7
Bb (b7)
Gb (b5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
Db (b2)
Db (b2)
Bb (b7)
Gb (b5)
Eb (b3)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
F (4)
Db (b2)
Bb (b7)
Gb (b5)
Gb (b5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
Db (b2)
Bb (b7)

## C Aeolian b5 scale

C dimD dimEb minF minGb augAb majBb maj
Gb (b5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
D (2)
Bb (b7)
Gb (b5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
D (2)
Bb (b7)
Gb (b5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
D (2)
Bb (b7)

C m7/b5D m7/b5Eb m(maj7)F m7Gb aug(maj7)Ab 7Bb 7
Bb (b7)
Gb (b5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
D (2)
D (2)
Bb (b7)
Gb (b5)
Eb (b3)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
F (4)
D (2)
Bb (b7)
Gb (b5)
Gb (b5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
D (2)
Bb (b7)

## C Ionian #5 scale

C augD minE majF majG# dimA minB dim
G# (#5)
E (3)
C (1)
A (6)
F (4)
D (2)
B (7)
G# (#5)
E (3)
C (1)
A (6)
F (4)
D (2)
B (7)
G# (#5)
E (3)
C (1)
A (6)
F (4)
D (2)
B (7)

C aug(maj7)D m7E 7F maj7G# dim7A m(maj7)B m7/b5
B (7)
G# (#5)
E (3)
C (1)
C (1)
A (6)
F (4)
D (2)
D (2)
B (7)
G# (#5)
E (3)
E (3)
C (1)
A (6)
F (4)
F (4)
D (2)
B (7)
G# (#5)
G# (#5)
E (3)
C (1)
A (6)
A (6)
F (4)
D (2)
B (7)

## C Lydian Dominant scale

C majD majE dimF# dimG minA minBb aug
G (5)
E (3)
C (1)
A (6)
F# (#4)
D (2)
Bb (b7)
G (5)
E (3)
C (1)
A (6)
F# (#4)
D (2)
Bb (b7)
G (5)
E (3)
C (1)
A (6)
F# (#4)
D (2)
Bb (b7)

C 7D 7E m7/b5F# m7/b5G m(maj7)A m7Bb aug(maj7)
Bb (b7)
G (5)
E (3)
C (1)
C (1)
A (6)
F# (#4)
D (2)
D (2)
Bb (b7)
G (5)
E (3)
E (3)
C (1)
A (6)
F# (#4)
F# (#4)
D (2)
Bb (b7)
G (5)
G (5)
E (3)
C (1)
A (6)
A (6)
F# (#4)
D (2)
Bb (b7)

## C Lydian Augmented scale

C augD majE majF# dimG# dimA minB min
G# (#5)
E (3)
C (1)
A (6)
F# (#4)
D (2)
B (7)
G# (#5)
E (3)
C (1)
A (6)
F# (#4)
D (2)
B (7)
G# (#5)
E (3)
C (1)
A (6)
F# (#4)
D (2)
B (7)

C aug(maj7)D 7E 7F# m7/b5G# m7/b5A m(maj7)B m7
B (7)
G# (#5)
E (3)
C (1)
C (1)
A (6)
F# (#4)
D (2)
D (2)
B (7)
G# (#5)
E (3)
E (3)
C (1)
A (6)
F# (#4)
F# (#4)
D (2)
B (7)
G# (#5)
G# (#5)
E (3)
C (1)
A (6)
A (6)
F# (#4)
D (2)
B (7)

## C Lydian #2 scale

C majD# dimE minF# dimG augA minB maj
G (5)
E (3)
C (1)
A (6)
F# (#4)
D# (#2)
B (7)
G (5)
E (3)
C (1)
A (6)
F# (#4)
D# (#2)
B (7)
G (5)
E (3)
C (1)
A (6)
F# (#4)
D# (#2)
B (7)

C maj7D# dim7E m(maj7)F# m7/b5G aug(maj7)A m7B 7
B (7)
G (5)
E (3)
C (1)
C (1)
A (6)
F# (#4)
D# (#2)
D# (#2)
B (7)
G (5)
E (3)
E (3)
C (1)
A (6)
F# (#4)
F# (#4)
D# (#2)
B (7)
G (5)
G (5)
E (3)
C (1)
A (6)
A (6)
F# (#4)
D# (#2)
B (7)

## C Mixolydian b6 scale

C majD dimE dimF minG minAb augBb maj
G (5)
E (3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
D (2)
Bb (b7)
G (5)
E (3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
D (2)
Bb (b7)
G (5)
E (3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
D (2)
Bb (b7)

C 7D m7/b5E m7/b5F m(maj7)G m7Ab aug(maj7)Bb 7
Bb (b7)
G (5)
E (3)
C (1)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
D (2)
D (2)
Bb (b7)
G (5)
E (3)
E (3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
F (4)
D (2)
Bb (b7)
G (5)
G (5)
E (3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
D (2)
Bb (b7)

## C Dorian #4 scale

C minD majEb majF# dimG minA dimBb aug
G (5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
A (6)
F# (#4)
D (2)
Bb (b7)
G (5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
A (6)
F# (#4)
D (2)
Bb (b7)
G (5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
A (6)
F# (#4)
D (2)
Bb (b7)

C m7D 7Eb maj7F# dim7G m(maj7)A m7/b5Bb aug(maj7)
Bb (b7)
G (5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
C (1)
A (6)
F# (#4)
D (2)
D (2)
Bb (b7)
G (5)
Eb (b3)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
A (6)
F# (#4)
F# (#4)
D (2)
Bb (b7)
G (5)
G (5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
A (6)
A (6)
F# (#4)
D (2)
Bb (b7)

## C Dorian b2 scale

C minDb augEb majF majG dimA dimBb min
G (5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
A (6)
F (4)
Db (b2)
Bb (b7)
G (5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
A (6)
F (4)
Db (b2)
Bb (b7)
G (5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
A (6)
F (4)
Db (b2)
Bb (b7)

C m7Db aug(maj7)Eb 7F 7G m7/b5A m7/b5Bb m(maj7)
Bb (b7)
G (5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
C (1)
A (6)
F (4)
Db (b2)
Db (b2)
Bb (b7)
G (5)
Eb (b3)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
A (6)
F (4)
F (4)
Db (b2)
Bb (b7)
G (5)
G (5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
A (6)
A (6)
F (4)
Db (b2)
Bb (b7)

## C Phrygian Dominant scale

C majDb majE dimF minG dimAb augBb min
G (5)
E (3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
Db (b2)
Bb (b7)
G (5)
E (3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
Db (b2)
Bb (b7)
G (5)
E (3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
Db (b2)
Bb (b7)

C 7Db maj7E dim7F m(maj7)G m7/b5Ab aug(maj7)Bb m7
Bb (b7)
G (5)
E (3)
C (1)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
Db (b2)
Db (b2)
Bb (b7)
G (5)
E (3)
E (3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
F (4)
Db (b2)
Bb (b7)
G (5)
G (5)
E (3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
Ab (b6)
F (4)
Db (b2)
Bb (b7)

## C Super Locrian scale

C dimDb minEb minFb augGb majAb majBb dim
Gb (b5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
Fb (b4)
Db (b2)
Bb (b7)
Gb (b5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
Fb (b4)
Db (b2)
Bb (b7)
Gb (b5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
Fb (b4)
Db (b2)
Bb (b7)

C m7/b5Db m(maj7)Eb m7Fb aug(maj7)Gb 7Ab 7Bb m7/b5
Bb (b7)
Gb (b5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
Fb (b4)
Db (b2)
Db (b2)
Bb (b7)
Gb (b5)
Eb (b3)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
Fb (b4)
Fb (b4)
Db (b2)
Bb (b7)
Gb (b5)
Gb (b5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
Ab (b6)
Fb (b4)
Db (b2)
Bb (b7)

## C Super Locrian bb7 scale

C dimDb minEb dimFb augGb minAb majBbb maj
Gb (b5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
Fb (b4)
Db (b2)
Bbb (bb7)
Gb (b5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
Fb (b4)
Db (b2)
Bbb (bb7)
Gb (b5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
Fb (b4)
Db (b2)
Bbb (bb7)

C dim7Db m(maj7)Eb m7/b5Fb aug(maj7)Gb m7Ab 7Bbb maj7
Bbb (bb7)
Gb (b5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
Fb (b4)
Db (b2)
Db (b2)
Bbb (bb7)
Gb (b5)
Eb (b3)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
Fb (b4)
Fb (b4)
Db (b2)
Bbb (bb7)
Gb (b5)
Gb (b5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
Ab (b6)
Ab (b6)
Fb (b4)
Db (b2)
Bbb (bb7)

## C Locrian #6 scale

C dimDb augEb minF majGb majA dimBb min
Gb (b5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
A (6)
F (4)
Db (b2)
Bb (b7)
Gb (b5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
A (6)
F (4)
Db (b2)
Bb (b7)
Gb (b5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
A (6)
F (4)
Db (b2)
Bb (b7)

C m7/b5Db aug(maj7)Eb m7F 7Gb maj7A dim7Bb m(maj7)
Bb (b7)
Gb (b5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
C (1)
A (6)
F (4)
Db (b2)
Db (b2)
Bb (b7)
Gb (b5)
Eb (b3)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
A (6)
F (4)
F (4)
Db (b2)
Bb (b7)
Gb (b5)
Gb (b5)
Eb (b3)
C (1)
A (6)
A (6)
F (4)
Db (b2)
Bb (b7)