About this chord:
The G minor chord is a minor triad: root, minor third, perfect fifth.
This chord has the following alternative names: G minor G m G -
Fingers notation: 1 = index, 2 = middle, 3 = ring, 4 = pinky. Click here to learn more.
The G minor chord is often challenging for beginner guitarists because is usually taught with a bar chord shape. In this new tutorial, we're going to study how to construct the G minor chord, how to find its tones on the fretboard, and how to create the main shapes for this chord: one super easy fingering, without barrè, and a couple of bar chord shapes.
Plus, we're going to see the most common major and minor keys which the Gm belong to. Lots of work to do, but I promise it will be rewarding!
Before beginning, one warning:
Often, the stripped-down version of a chord does not sound so good as the original. It is theoretically correct, easier to play, but lacks of sound richness. Feel free to use it while learning, but your final target should be the standard shape.
We're not going to give a full lesson on harmony here, you only should know that a minor chord is constructed starting from its relative minor scale, taking the first (root), the 3rd and the 5th notes. If you want to learn more about this, have a look at our chords formula tutorial.
Here's the G minor scales and its degrees:G (1) A (2) Bb (3) C (4) D (5) Eb (6) F (7) G (8)
If we take the root, the 3rd and the 5th degrees of this scales, we have the tones that compose a Gm chordG (1) Bb (3) D (5)
How we can apply what we learned so far to the guitar?
Well, if we have a look at the fretboard and where the three notes above are placed, we can start reasoning about our fingerings.
In the fretboard diagram below are shown the notes composing the G minor chord (don't you know the notes of the fretboard? Then you might find useful our guitar fretboard notes tutorial.)
Did you spot already a easy Gm fingering? No? Don't worry, now we're going to see how to pick some of the notes shown above for creating our cool chord shapes.
On the guitar, once we know what notes compose a chord, we can take any of these notes on any string for creating our chord shapes. There are some rules, that are not strict but just guidelines:
- We can include a note in the chord one on more time, on any string and fret
- The root of the chord, G should be always included. We can include it twice (on different strings) to give it more power. (Note: If you play with a band, this rule often does not apply, because for example is the bass player that plays the root).
- The 3rd of the chord, Bb should be always present (because it's the tone that makes that gives a major or minor feel to the chord)
- The fifth, D is the less important degree, but in this case, we'd like to include it as well.
- Some fingerings sound very good, others not so good, it's a matter of personal taste, experience and feeling.
The easiest fingering for the G minor chord is shown in the following picture:
- Place your ring finger on the 3rd fret of the E low string
- Place your index finger on the 1st fret of the A string
- Play the D string open (without pressing any fret)
- Play the G string open (without pressing any fret)
- Do not play the B open string
- Do not play the E high string
The following fingering is the most used for the Gm chord. It's a bit challenging because it requires a full barrè all over the six strings, but it's a great shape to practice for gaining strength.
This fingering has a five strings barrè, and its taken in the higher fretboard position. Be careful to mute the E lowest string, as E does not belong to the Gm chord. This position is used a lot in funk and reggae music.
Here below you find the most common keys (major and minor) that have a G minor chord on one of their degrees.
F major key
Eb major key
Bb major key
G minor key
D minor key
C minor key
Click on the play button to listen to the chords and visualize the patterns
1 b3 5
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