About this chord:
This chord is a major triad with a minor seventh.
You may see this chord denoted as: F dominant seventh F dom7
Fingers notation: 1 = index, 2 = middle, 3 = ring, 4 = pinky. Click here to learn more.
Once again before we practice some different positions for F7 let’s take a look at what notes make this chord up.
Remember the notes for the F major scale are:
F G A Bb C D E
An F major triad or chord is made up of the root , major third , and fifth note of that scale, thus F major is:
F A C
Now an F7 is otherwise known as a dominant seventh , and to make a dominant seventh chord we use the formula; root, major third, fifth, and minor seventh.
So the F7 chord will be made up of the notes:
F A C Eb
As mentioned before there are multiple seventh chords that exist and the dominant seventh is the most important of all.
The main function of the dominant seventh is to lead up to a tonic resolution. For example, one very common place you will find dominant sevenths is in blues music and the seventh is often played right before the root or tonic chord.
The dominant seventh is often used in rock n roll, pop, and blues. Try playing the progression:
Bb Eb F Bb
Bb Eb F7 Bb
you will notice how different it sounds.
For experimenting further with chord sequences, you might find useful our chord progression generator tool
The most common keys we will find with the F7 chord is the Keys of Bb, C, and F. However you will also potentially find it in some more random places depending on where the songwriter was looking for some tension leading to resolution.
You will not see F7 as often as other sevenths, unless you are playing blues in the Key of C, and then you will have plenty of F7’s.
- The old time tune " Lazy Bones" by Hoagy Carmichael and Johnny Mercer uses F7 along with a few other dominant seventh notes.
- "Moon River" also uses a ton of sevenths including F7.
It is chord often seen in pop and jazz standards and of course in lots of blues tunes.
The picture below shows the F7 tones on the guitar fretboard:
Using the tones above we can come up with some of the more popular versions of how to play the F7 chord. Usually when we play a chord we want the root note (here F) to be the lowest played bass note. Sometimes we will find a chord shape where that isn’t the case, which means the chord is an inversion. If the lowest note is A, C, or Eb instead of the F than that is an inversion .
The most common position for F7 is the barred E7 chord . A regular E7 is 020100 if we barre it and move it up one position we get 131211 :
If you are not yet comfortable with barre chords another way to play F7 is XX3241 .
A three string version of F7 is X878XX , a rootless three string version is XXX545 (there is no F in that position just C, Eb, and A).
And a few complicated F7 chord shapes are 131241 (which is a tough barre chord) and 1X12XX which may be hard for people who aren’t that good at muting strings.
Click on the play button to listen to the chords and visualize the patterns
1 3 5 b7
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